DISABILITY SUPPORT

Children with Disability are among the most vulnerable and marginalized groups in Tanzania. Despite Government’s efforts to support primary education, 98% of Children with disability are not in school. Here, rates of Children with Disability in education are low only 0.3% of school-enrolled children have a disability.

Contributing key factors are:

Poverty; stigma and discrimination by parents, communities and schools; physical barriers e.g. lack of assertive devices and inaccessible school infrastructure; teachers struggling due to lack of knowledge and materials; hidden disabilities hindering learning; & insufficient effort from state actors to apply disability policies. Gender discrimination further compounds the exclusion of children with disability in education.

As a result, Children with Disability are the last to be enrolled and the first to drop out. Lack of access to this basic human right curtails life chances, perpetuating the poverty and exclusion cycle for People with Disability.

Factors that influence Children with disability Not to attend school.

  • Stigma, discrimination, abuse isolation from family, community members, peers and teachers prevent them from going to school
  • High educational costs and affordability due to high levels of poverty for families with Children with disabilities.
  • Inaccessible school buildings and toilets prevent children from attending school
  • Inaccessible materials and teaching methods prevent children with Disability from learning
  • Limited support and encouragement from Children with Disability parents who are less committed to their education than that of their non-disabled children
  • Stigma, discrimination, abuse isolation from family, community members, peers and teachers prevent them from going to school
  • Double discrimination’ faced by girls who are not prioritized as gender norms often prevail over education.

What needs to change in order to achieve the intended outcomes?

  • Children need to have necessary assertive devices to go to school
  • Children With Disability need to receive appropriate health & rehabilitative support to increase their regular attendance
  • Children need to receive health & intellectual assessments to ensure hidden disabilities are identified & supported
  • Policy makers need to have improved on disability rights and its benefits, and increase commitment towards its implementation
  • Parents, families, teachers & community members need to be more aware of gender issues & rights

C.D.I identified this challenge and hence established the WAPE ELIMU Swahili words meaning GIVE THEM EDUCATION. the campaign Aim at improving education to children with disabilities and insure number of disability children enrolled at schools increase each year. This is done through conducting village to village outreach activities on rights to disabilities and emphasize parents with disability to take them to school and not hide them inside. Furthermore C.D.I  supporting children with disabilities learning materials, school uniforms, providing voluntary teachers with disability knowledge. C.D.I hosts volunteers from different places who are willing to help young disable children to meet their dream. Volunteers assist teachers to teach these children and share more experience on disability issues.